Making Physiology Happen




iWorx systems, recorders and software have been used for recording ERGs in insects as noted in these Citations.


KIX-RA-834 8 Channel RecorderiWorx IX-RA-834 8 Channel Recorder
The iWorx RA-834C Recorder is the most advanced and feature-rich physiological data acquisition system on the market.


IX-400 Series Recorder

iWorx IX-400 Series Recorders
The iWorx 400 Series recorders are economical, high performance four, eight or sixteen channel data recorders for use with a broad range of analog amplifiers.




DP-301 AmplifierDifferential Amplifier (DP-301) by Warner Instruments
The DP-301 is a single channel AC/DC differential pre-amplifier highly suited for EEG, EKG and extracellular recording.

Differential Amplifier (Model 3000) by A-M Systems
The Model 3000 High-Gain AC/DC Differential Amplifier is designed for low-noise recordings from excitable tissue. Specific applications include EEG, EKG, extracelluar recordings, and more.


Stowasser, Annette, and Elke K. Buschbeck. “Electrophysiological evidence for polarization sensitivity in the camera-type eyes of the aquatic predacious insect larva Thermonectus marmoratus.” The Journal of experimental biology 215, no. 20 (2012): 3577-3586.

Maksimovic, Srdjan, John E. Layne, and Elke K. Buschbeck. “Spectral sensitivity of the principal eyes of sunburst diving beetle, Thermonectus marmoratus (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae), larvae.The Journal of experimental biology 214, no. 21 (2011): 3524-3531.

Mousavi, Seyed AR, Chi Tam Nguyen, Edward E. Farmer, and Stephan Kellenberger. “Measuring surface potential changes on leaves.” nature protocols 9, no. 8 (2014): 1997-2004.

Barnes, Katelyn R., Regina RF Cozzi, George Robertson, and William S. Marshall. “Cold acclimation of NaCl secretion in a eurythermic teleost: Mitochondrial function and gill remodeling.” Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology 168 (2014): 50-62.

Stowasser, Annette. “Toward unraveling the mystery of how the unusual principal eyes of Thermonectus marmoratus larvae work–constructing a first functional model.” PhD diss., University of Cincinnati, 2013.

McCarroll, Charlotte S., Charlotte L. Rossor, Linda R. Morrison, Liam J. Morrison, and Christopher M. Loughrey. “A Pre-clinical Animal Model of Trypanosoma brucei Infection Demonstrating Cardiac Dysfunction.” (2015): e0003811.

MacEachran, Daniel P., Siying Ye, Jennifer M. Bomberger, Deborah A. Hogan, Agnieszka Swiatecka-Urban, Bruce A. Stanton, and George A. O’Toole. “The Pseudomonas aeruginosa secreted protein PA2934 decreases apical membrane expression of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator.” Infection and immunity 75, no. 8 (2007): 3902-3912.

Cozzi, Regina RF, George N. Robertson, Melanie Spieker, Lauren N. Claus, Gabriella MM Zaparilla, Kelly L. Garrow, and William S. Marshall. “Paracellular pathway remodeling enhances sodium secretion by teleost fish in hypersaline environments.” The Journal of experimental biology 218, no. 8 (2015): 1259-1269.

Lombardi, Sara Ann. “Comparative physiological ecology of the eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica, and the Asian oyster, Crassostrea ariakensis: an investigation into aerobic metabolism and hypoxic adaptations.” (2012).

View all of the Insect research citations on Google Scholar


An electroretinogram (ERG) is a recording of the electrical responses of the cells of the retina to a light stimulus. ERG parameters are detected, and functions derived from those parameters are computed in LabScribe’s ERG Advanced Analysis Module.