Shopping Cart

Teaching

Web Resources

Web ResourcesWeb Links to Related Physiology Information and Teaching Resources

Physiology in the News
Fun facts about what’s happening in the world of Anatomy & Physiology. Check out what your colleagues are doing and learn about new breakthroughs and advances in and out of the lab. Updated monthly.

How Do T-cells Recognize Viruses?
The key to all immune responses – whether we are fighting off a cold, or our body is trying to eliminate a cancerous cell – are T cells. The T cell is the part of the immune system that recognizes a foreign invader, such as the influenza virus, and triggers the cascade of events that kills such devastating pathogens. But the mechanism by which these T cells are recruited to fight disease has remained unclear.
Judging Levels of Drunkenness
When drunk and surrounded by other drinkers, people’s judgements of their own levels of intoxication and the associated risks are related to the drunkenness of their peers, not on the objective amount of alcohol they have actually consumed, reveals a study by Cardiff University.
A Crash Course in Bird Flight Safety
Research at The University of Queensland has revealed the stunningly simple reason why birds never crash mid-flight: they always veer right.
The Bigger Your Brain the Longer You Yawn
Small-brained animals with fewer neurons in the wrinkly outer layer of the brain, called the cortex, had shorter yawns than large-brained animals with more cortical neurons, the scientists report today in Biology Letters.
Can a Video Game Help You Control Emotions?
Watch this cool video about one of the first of its kind – a video game that rewards players who can master their emotions while playing the fantasy game effectively.
APStracts
http://www.the-aps.org/publications/articles_in…
APStracts is an on-line periodic notice of current research scheduled to be published in the journals of the American Physiological Society. The abstracts published in APStracts are of articles that have been accepted for publication in APS journals.
Companies
Fogg System
Interface and adapter cables to connect reusable and disposable pressure transducers.
National Instruments
PVLoops LLC.
Your companion in learning cardiovascular physiology & hemodynamics through a textbook for the iPad based on a dynamic interactive simulation.
Scisense
A full line of pressure, pressure-volume and ECG sensors for any medical application.
Warner Instruments
Warner Instrument Corp. designs and manufactures biomedical products for electrophysiology and the neurosciences. Products include microelectrode amplifiers and voltage clamps, perfusion chambers for imaging and recording, perfusion heating systems, perfusion stepper, glass capillary tubing and microelectrode holders.
Journals
Journal Of Applied Physiology
New England Journal of Medicine
The Journal of Neuroscience
Organizations
FASEB
The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) is the largest coalition of life sciences societies in the United States.
National Institute of Health
Web Teaching Links from the August 2017 Newsletter: Relaxation and Stress
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/11/stress-aging-process_n_3047000.html
Stress and Aging
https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-mindful-self-express/201609/is-vacation-or-meditation-the-key-stress-relief
Stress, Meditation and Vacations
https://hbr.org/2016/07/the-data-driven-case-for-vacation
Making a Case for Vacations

Archived Categories:

Brain
Cellular Respiration
Digestion
Ear
Ecology
Education
Eye
Fitness
General Biology
Grants
Heart
Human Diving Reflex
Kidney
Miscellaneous
Muscles
Neuroscience
Oximetry
Photosynthesis
Reflexes
Respiratory
Sensory
Vascular
Brain
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3512099/
Effects of phonological similarity on priming in auditory lexical decision
https://www.jstor.org/stable/986168?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
Lexical Memory
http://www.apa.org/pubs/highlights/peeps/issue-33.aspx
Lexical Decision Tasks, Semantic Priming and Reading
http://jov.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2121543
The footprints of visual attention in the Posner cueing paradigm revealed by classification images
http://donlehmanjr.com/BD/Attention/A5%20Posner%20Attention.html
Posner’s Attention Model & the Decay Factor
http://www.cerebromente.org.br/n16/mente/attention.htm
Models of Attention
wixtedlab.ucsd.edu/publications/Psych%20218/Craik_Lockhart_1972.pdf
Craik and Lockhart, 1972
http://people.southwestern.edu/~giuliant/LOP_PDF/CraikTulvingEpisodiMemory1975.pdf
Craik and Tulving, 1975
http://www.acrwebsite.org/search/view-conference-proceedings.aspx?Id=9535
Memory and Levels of Processing in Advertising
mindmodeling.org/cogsci2013/papers/0188/paper0188.pdf‎
The effect of social roles on gaze cue utilisation in a real-world collaboration.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1950440/
Gaze Cueing of Attention
http://www.journalofvision.org/content/13/4/6.full
Do as eye say: Gaze cueing and language in a real-world social interaction
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3656349/
Measuring attention using the Posner cuing paradigm: the role of across and within trial target probabilities
http://www.opencolleges.edu.au/informed/learning-strategies/
Interactive Brain map Infographic from Opencolleges.
 http://brain.oxfordjournals.org/content/97/4/75…
Article about VEP and Multiple sclerosis.
 http://www.upmc.com/patients-visitors/education/stroke/pages/electro-encephalogram.aspx
Patient information guide from the University of Pittsburgh Medical which contains information on preparing for an EEG.
http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/java/ready.html
An interactive Stroop Test.
http://pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~Brainmd1/brain.html
Link to the Brain Model Tutorial.
http://pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~Brainmd1/public.html
Learn from the Public Domain is a site with numerous links to images and articles about the brain, including the Brain Model Tutorial.
http://www-medlib.med.utah.edu/WebPath/HISTHTML/NEURANAT/…
Labeled human brain images from the Department of Pathology at the University of Utah with external views and sagittal, coronal, and transverse sections of the brain and the brain stem.
http://www.cell.com/trends/cognitive-sciences/abstract/S1…
Interdimensional interference in the Stroop effect: uncovering the cognitive and neural anatomy of attention
http://www.med.harvard.edu//AANLIB/home.html
The Whole Brain Atlas is a website with descriptions and images of the brain in normal and diseased states.
http://www.onlinepsychologydegree.net/2012/11/20/why-psyc…
Online course for the combined study of psychology and neuroscience.
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/brain/index.html
“The Secret Life of the Brain” available from PBS Online – WNET New York. Links to the history of studying the brain, the three-dimensional anatomy of the brain, mind illusions, brain scans, and presentations about the brain from infancy to the aged.
http://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/proje…
Other ways to perform interference tasks.
http://www.thirteen.org/closetohome/science/html/animatio…
“How Drugs Work” available from PBS Online – WNET New York. Animations present normal neurotransmission and neurotransmission in the presence of alcohol, opiates, and cocaine.
Cellular Respiration
http://www.johnkyrk.com/mitochondrion.html
Detailed animations of the reactions that take place in the inner membrane of the mitochondrion during electron transport and ATP synthesis.
http://www.sp.uconn.edu/~terry/images/anim/ETS.html
http://www.stolaf.edu/people/giannini/flashanimat/metabol…
Easy-to-understand animation of electron transport, proton gradient development, and ATP synthesis in mitochondria from a site at St. Olaf College.
Krebs Cycle
From Kent State University, an interactive presentation of the Krebs Cycle.
Digestion
Endrocine System
Hundreds of color photo micrographs from every location in the digestive track. More of an anatomy or histology resource.
Ear
http://www.infj.ulst.ac.uk/~pnic/HumanEar/Andy’s%20Stuff/…
Click the Reset button to view the animation of a working ear; slide the control to see how frequency affects movement of parts of the ear; and click on the labels to view information on the various parts of the ear. From a master’s degree project.
Ecology
http://croptechnology.unl.edu/viewLesson.cgi?LessonID=109…
Web site from New Mexico State University with information about the process of water movement from plants known as transpiration, and how relative humidity controls the loss of water. An animation of the process is available on the site.
http://earthguide.ucsd.edu/
Earthguide website from the CalSpace Program at the University of California San Diego that is an easy to use educational resource for information about the Earth, the oceans, and the environment.
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Library/
Reference section from earth observatory at NASA, with information about the oceans, land, atmosphere, and more.
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Library/CarbonCycle/carb…
The Carbon Cycle as presented by the earth observatory at NASA.
http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/mwater.html
Web site at the U.S. Geological Survey that contains information on the basic properties of water, the water cycle, water worldwide, water usage and more.
http://www.biology.ualberta.ca/facilities/multimedia/inde…
Instructional multimedia presentation from the Faculty of Science at the University of Alberta covering a variety of topics in science, including the carbon and nitrogen cycles.
https://ec.gc.ca/Air/default.asp?lang=En&n=AA1521C2-1
Facts about acid rain from Environment Canada.
http://www.enviroliteracy.org/index.php
Website of the Environmental Literacy Council with articles, illustrations, and animations covering many important topics in the field of air and climate, land, water, ecosystems, energy, food, and environment and society.
http://www.epa.gov/docs/acidrain/index.html
Information on acid rain from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
http://www.epa.gov/safewater/
Website at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency that presents information about the quality standards of ground and drinking water in the United States.
http://www.eprida.com/eprida_flash.php4
Animation that follows the removal of carbon dioxide from the air and placement of it in topsoil during a new sustainable energy technology from the innovators at Eprida.
http://www.healthscout.com/ency/68/271/main.html
Web page from the USA Today Health Encyclopedia that summarizes the causes, risk factors, symptoms, and treatments of hyperthermia.
http://www.howstuffworks.com/sweat.htm
Web site from How Stuff Works that provides a concise explanation of the process of evaporative cooling.
http://www.nal.usda.gov/wqic/
Web site at the U.S. Department of Agriculture that presents information about agriculture environmental management.
http://www.nodvin.net/snhu/SCI219/demos/Chapter_3/index.h…
Website listing the animations of carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen cycles from Environmental Science, Toward a Sustainable Future by Richard T. Wright.
http://www.wpc.ncep.noaa.gov/html/heatindex.shtml
Web page from the National Weather Service with a Heat Index calculator. Enter the air temperature and the percent of relative humidity, and the calculator will determine the temperature that it feels like to the body.
Education
http://eduscapes.com/tap/topic43.htm
This site has many links to educational resources for this type of teaching and learning.
http://ublib.buffalo.edu/libraries/projects/cases/case.html
The National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science.
http://www.pharmacydegrees.net
A resource for new college students to find in-depth and unbiased information about picking the right Pharmacy degree to fit their needs.
http://www.teach-nology.com/currenttrends/inquiry/
Information about how you can use Inquiry Based Learning.
Eye
http://schorlab.berkeley.edu/vilis/
A mini-course in three dimensional eye movement from the University of Western Ontario.
http://www.4colorvision.com/reading/saccades.htm
A module from a course in biological vision that covers the properties of saccades.
http://www.auto.ucl.ac.be/EYELAB/neurophysio/perception_a…
Good website that explains the mechanism of smooth pursuit in an easy-to-understand format.
http://www.cf.ac.uk/biosi/staff/jacob/teaching/sensory/vi…
Professor Tim Jacob from the School of Biosciences at Cardiff University, UK, presents an excellent set of lecture notes for learning about vision and the eye.
http://www.eolas.ca/oculomtr/oculomot.htm
Animations and illustrations from the Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario that demonstrate the relationship between motion detection and eye movements.
http://www.eyemovementresearch.com/
A site for links to the current research in the field of eye movements and EMDR.
http://www.med.uwo.ca/physpharm/courses/sensesweb/L11EyeM…
Animations of the different types of eye movement and the neural circuitry behind these movements presented in an entertaining fashion.
http://www.narcap.org/TheEyeandNightVision.htm
This article on the National Aviation Reporting Center on Anomalous Phenomena website is about the functionality of the eye in both light and dark situations.
http://www.neuronresearch.net/vision/reading/saccades.htm
Information on saccadic eye movements.
http://www.sciencenews.org/articles/20060527/bob9.asp
This two part scientific article examines the way light affects the eye and the brain.
http://www.vision3d.com/
This fun site contains information about vision, optical illusions, and many different visual exercises.
http://www.yorku.ca/eye/eyemove.htm
Detailed information discussing a variety of different eye movements that can be recorded during an EOG.
Fitness
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4309156/ – The Effectiveness of Proprioceptive Training for Improving Motor Function: a Systematic Review
http://www.ideafit.com/fitness-library/focus-on-the-lower-body-to-train-balancehow-to-improveproprioception – How to Improve Proprioception
 http://www.stack.com/a/why-athletes-need-balance-and-proprioception-training – Watch Balance in Action!
American College of Sports Medicine
This website provides information on health and fitness, research in the field of sports medicine, and grant and research initiatives.
Civilian Health Promotion Program
This link to the U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine and its “Targeting Fitness” program contains a section on commonly used fitness tests, test procedures, assessment charts, and evaluation forms.
Sports Medicine Answers
Informative Web site containing articles centered around preventing and treating sports related injuries.
Fluid and Electrolyte Supplementation for Exercise-Heart …
This article reviews the importance of evaporative cooling in thermoregulation, and the importance of hydration on thermoregulation.
Frequent Ventricular Ectopy after Exercise as a Predictor…
Link to news article from the Healing Heart Foundation and abstract of article from the New England Journal of Medicine: “Frequent Ventricular Ectopy after Exercise as a Predictor of Death.” The authors hypothesize that ventricular ectopy (7 or more premature heartbeats per minute) during the recovery phase is a better predictor of cardiac risk than ventricular ectopy during exercise.
Gatorade Sports Science Institute
Compendium of articles on exercise science, sports medicine, performance, nutrition, conditioning, psychology, and more.
Heart Rate Recovery Immediately After Exercise As A Predi…
Link to article in the New England Journal of Medicine: “Heart-Rate Recovery Immediately after Exercise as a Predictor of Mortality.” The authors hypothesize that a delayed fall in the heart rate after exercise might be an important prognostic marker. Recovery of the heart rate after exercise is a function of vagal activity, and a decrease in vagal activity is known to be a cardiac risk factor.
http://jap.physiology.org/cgi/content/full/96/4/1393?ck=n…
Study of thermoregulation during rest and exercise in the cold by premenarcheal and menarcheal young women.
http://sportsmedicine.about.com/od/anatomyandphysiology/a…
Information about aerobic fitness and endurance on overall health.
http://www.adultfitnesstest.org/testInstructions/aerobicF…
The President’s Adult Fitness Challenge – exercise, interpret and improve.
http://www.biosci.ohiou.edu/faculty/schwirian/Athlete%20&…
Excellent website at the Work Physiology Laboratory at Ohio University that summarizes the knowledge gained from an aerobic fitness test, like the VO2max test. Links within the site direct the viewer to related topics and background information about the physiological variables that determine fitness.
http://www.biosci.ohiou.edu/faculty/schwirian/Athlete%20&…
Excellent website at the Work Physiology Laboratory at Ohio University that summarizes the knowledge gained from an aerobic fitness test, like the VO2max test. Links within the site direct the viewer to related topics and background information about the physiological variables that determine fitness.
http://www.brianmac.co.uk/eval.htm
This website provides links to a wide variety of performance tests that can be used to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of a subject’s fitness.
http://www.brianmac.co.uk/eval.htm.
This website provides links to a wide variety of performance tests that can be used to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of a subject’s fitness.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10373050
Study of thermoregulation during exercise in the heat after the ingestion of stimulants caffeine and ephedrine.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=pubmed&uid=15…
The Effects of Aerobic Fitness on Resting Metabolic Rate; Broeder CE, Burrhus KA, Svanevik LS, Wilmore JH; Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, University of Texas, Austin.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=pubmed&uid=15…
The Effects of Either High-Intensity Resistance or Endurance training on Resting Metabolic Rate; Broeder CE, Burrhus KA, Svanevik LS, Wilmore JH; Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, University of Texas, Austin.
http://www.nutritionandmetabolism.com/content/6/1/28
Aerobic fitness does not modulate protein metabolism in response to increased exercise: a controlled trial.
http://www.obesityresearch.org/cgi/content/full/10/8/726
Differences in Resting Metabolic Rate between White and African-American Young Adults. Teresa A. Sharp, Melanie L. Bell, Gary K. Grunwald, Kathryn H. Schmitz, Stephen Sidney, Cora E. Lewis, Kim Tolan, and James O. Hill.
http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid…
Study of thermoregulation in exercising men at different times of the day.
http://www.topendsports.com/testing/aerobic.htm
Includes a variety of testing protocols for use with the Aerobic Fitness lab.
http://www.topendsports.com/testing/tests/
This website provides links to over 120 fitness tests that can be performed with or without a metabolic cart. Some tests require as little as a stopwatch. Each listing includes the aim, equipment required, and directions for performing the test.
http://www.topendsports.com/testing/tests/
This website provides links to over 120 fitness tests that can be performed with or without a metabolic cart. Some tests require as little as a stopwatch. Each listing includes the aim, equipment required, and directions for performing the test.
The Fitness Test List
This link to “Rob Wood’s Home of Fitness Testing” provides a listing of health, agility, reaction, body position, and anthropometric tests in addition to a complete collection of endurance,strength, and flexibility tests.
General Biology
http://advan.physiology.org/cgi/reprint/260/6/S22.pdf
There are many advantages to using invertebrates in undergraduate physiology lab sequences. This paper reviews some of the advantages and offers some general suggestions for invertebrate physiology exercises. The bibliography contains references to many specific invertebrate physiology experiments.
http://bcs.whfreeman.com/thelifewire/content/chp00/00020….
This website provides 106 animations, including ones on active and passive transport, which accompany the text: Biology, The Science of Life, from W.H. Freeman and Co.
http://cas.bellarmine.edu/tietjen/images/annelids.htm
Web page at Bellarmine University with concise anatomical diagrams and pictures of segmented worms.
http://crayfish.byu.edu/
General crayfish information.
http://crayfish.byu.edu/crayfish_biology.htm
General crayfish information.
http://dels.nas.edu/ilar_n/ilarjournal/33_1_2/V33_1_2Ques…
As one of the primary advantages to using invertebrates in physiology experiments is that they don’t experience pain in the sense that most vertebrates do, students may want to explore the biological basis of this distinction. This site provides valuable biological information about the perception of pain among invertebrates. It also includes a number of primary sources for further research.
http://education.vetmed.vt.edu/Curriculum/VM8054/Labs/Lab…
A good review of the structure and function of both smooth and striated muscle.
http://el.erdc.usace.army.mil/index.cfm
US Army Corps of Engineer’s Environmental Laboratory. Just click on the A-Z topics to get information on endangered species, water quality issues, areas of concern, etc.
http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/urban/roaches/america…
A page all about the American cockroach, including information about its distribution, biology, and a list of sources for further research.
http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2123/2329862078_551d0eed72…
Still images of the dissected cockroach ventral nerve cord, and an instructional video illustrating the dissection of the nerve cord and the placement of an extracellular hook electrode to record ventral nerve cord activity.
http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3746/is_200111/ai…
A detailed source on the ontogeny of cardiac function in a range of crustacean species.
http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/waterquality.html
Includes information on water science for schools. Very educationally friendly.
http://home.earthlink.net/~shalpine/anim/Life/memb.htm
This website, from W.H. Freeman and Co. and Sumanas Inc., provides a concise animation of the fluid mosaic model of the cell membrane.
http://jeb.biologists.org/cgi/reprint/203/18/2807.pdf
Three research papers on the specifics of crayfish gut structure, physiology and pharmacology. All three are fairly technical, but serve as excellent starting points for research into the biology of the crayfish digestive system.
http://jeb.biologists.org/cgi/reprint/46/3/571.pdf
A very complete article from 1967 that presents experiments designed to learn about many properties of the ventral nerve cord of the leech.
http://jillium.nfshost.com/library/pain.htm
Additional biological information about the perception of pain among invertebrates and also includes a number of primary sources for further research.
http://jillium.nfshost.com/library/pain.htm
One of three thoughtful and well-research sites looking at the issue of pain perception in invertebrates with a range of conclusions.
http://jp.physoc.org/cgi/reprint/156/1/1.pdf
http://nelson.beckman.illinois.edu/courses/neuroethol/mod…
A short summary of the cockroach escape mechanism circuitry, including both the sensory and motor parts of the circuit, and how they communicate for effective escape behavior. Included is a schematic diagram of the escape circuit.
http://www.aa.psu.edu/biology/crayfish/
A well-illustrated crayfish dissection guide.
http://www.aa.psu.edu/biology/crayfish/
A well-illustrated guide to the dissection of a preserved crayfish.
http://www.abolitionist.com/darwinian-life/invertebrate-p…
One of three thoughtful and well-research sites looking at the issue of pain perception in invertebrates with a range of conclusions.
http://www.bio.umass.edu/biology/kunkel/cockroach.html
The Cockroach Homepage. This page contains links to sources about many aspects of cockroach biology, including an entertaining Cockroach FAQ, and a thorough list of biologists who study cockroaches with links to lists of their publications.
http://www.biologyjunction.com/crayfish_dissection.htm
A well-illustrated guide to the dissection of live or prepared crayfish. A good overview of both external and internal crayfish anatomy.
http://www.bowdoin.edu/faculty/s/shauptma/videos.shtml
Still images of the dissected cockroach ventral nerve cord, and an instructional video illustrating the dissection of the nerve cord and the placement of an extracellular hook electrode to record ventral nerve cord activity.
http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/course/ent425/images/roach_guts_…
Still images of the dissected cockroach ventral nerve cord, and an instructional video illustrating the dissection of the nerve cord and the placement of an extracellular hook electrode to record ventral nerve cord activity.
http://www.epa.gov/acidrain/
Information about acid rain formation and consequences.
http://www.funjournal.org/downloads/ramosetaljunes07.pdf
This paper includes a summary of a variant of the cercal sense organs experiment in addition to several other extracellular cockroach recordings that can be part of undergraduate neurophysiology labs. An excellent overview of the use of the cockroach in the neurophysiology teaching laboratory.
http://www.fws.gov/contaminants/Issues/WaterQuality.cfm
US Fish&Wildlife website addressing water quality issues and areas of concern.
http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/vlabs/neurophysiology/
A virtual neurophysiology lab from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute that is designed to teach students how to record potentials from a segmented nervous system.
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijz/2009/301284.html
A thorough review of invertebrate circulatory systems. Includes a useful bibliography.
http://www.kindermagic.com/TotallyBuggin/Cockroach_Dissec…
A virtual cockroach dissection, illustrated with many clear photographic illustrations.
http://www.mbl.edu/research/services/iacuc/pdf/pain_hermi…
One of three thoughtful and well-research sites looking at the issue of pain perception in invertebrates with a range of conclusions.
http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/cr/cr_seafoodwatch/con…
A complete report on crayfish farming including information on the status of natural populations and the effects that long-term harvesting for food have had on wild crayfish numbers.
http://www.stolaf.edu/people/giannini/biological%20anamat…
This website, at St. Olaf College in Minnesota, contains many simple animations of biological processes including the variety of transport mechanisms used by membranes.
http://www.visualsunlimited.com/browse/vu315/vu315105.html
Interesting photomicrograph of the earthworm nervous system.
http://www.vivo.colostate.edu/hbooks/pathphys/digestion/b…
This site reviews more general concepts of digestive system function and control. It focuses primarily on vertebrate, and more specifically, human, digestion.
http://www.wisc-online.com/objects/index_tj.asp?objid=AP1…
This interactive website at Wisc-Online.com reviews the components, functions, and structure of a typical cell membrane and then allows users to construct their own membrane.
http://www2.gsu.edu/~bioasx/zindex.htm
A basic introduction to the crayfish circulatory system.
https://dspace.ucalgary.ca/bitstream/1880/25292/1/47992Br…
Grants
http://www.aro.army.mil/research/index.htm
U.S. Department of Defense, Broad Agency Announcements
http://www.csrees.usda.gov/
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES) and CSREES Funding Opportunities
http://www.csrees.usda.gov/fo/fundview.cfm?fonum=1060
1890 Institution Teaching and Research Capacity Building Grants Program
http://www.csrees.usda.gov/fo/fundview.cfm?fonum=1082
Higher Education Challenge Grants
http://www.csrees.usda.gov/fo/fundview.cfm?fonum=1131
Tribal Colleges Education Equity Grants Program
http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ope/idues/index.html
U.S. Department of Education, Office of Postsecondary Education-Programs Institutional Development and Undergraduate Education Service (IDUES)
http://www.ed.gov/programs/iduesaitcc/index.html
American Indian Tribally Controlled Colleges and Universities
http://www.ed.gov/programs/iduesannh/index.html
Alaska Native and Hawaiian Serving Institutions
http://www.ed.gov/programs/idueshsi/index.html
Title V: Developing Hispanic-Serving Institutions Program
http://www.ed.gov/programs/iduesmsi/index.html
Minority Science and Engineering Improvement Program
http://www.ed.gov/programs/iduestitle3a/index.html
Title III Part A: Strengthening Institutions Program
http://www.ed.gov/programs/iduestitle3b/index.html
Title III Part B: Strengthening Historically Black Colleges and Universities
Heart
http://www.hanford.gov/health/?page=112 – Great information and graphs for calculating target heart rate and the best way to exercise.
http://my.clevelandclinic.org/services/heart/prevention/exercise/pulse-target-heart-rate – How to take your pulse and figure out heart rates.
http://www.thewalkingsite.com/thr.html – Information on training zones and “walking” exercises for good cardiac fitness.
http://library.med.utah.edu/kw/ecg/tests/index.html – Test your knowledge with quizzes about ECG recordings.
http://www.ecglibrary.com/ecghome.html – Library of different ECG recordings and information about 12-lead ECGs.
http://www.12leadecg.com/full/ – A site dedicated to 12-lead ECG instruction for EMS personnel.
Heart Rate Variability and Baroreflex Sensitivity in Subj…
This article details research undertaken to evaluate heart rate variability (HRV) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in a large random sample of subjects without evidence of heart disease, and to estimate the relationship of heart rate behavior to age, sex and cardiovascular risk factors.
HeartLab
This site is part of the Medical Learning family of sites. It takes you on an extensive tour of heart sounds and their genesis in normal and abnormal cases.
HRV: An Indicator of Autonomic Function and Physiological…
Articles from the booklet “Science of the Heart” from the Institute of Heart Math with excellent explanations of the factors that affect HRV, the mathematical relationships used in the analysis, and the relationship between physical and psychological stress and heart health.
http://auscultation.com/
Advanced site for using heart sounds to determine diseases.
http://circres.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/58/2/…
Article from Circulation Research on the regulation of stroke volume during submaximal and maximal upright exercise in healthy men
http://library.med.utah.edu/kw/ecg/ecg_outline/Lesson1/in…
A great place to get an in depth lesson on the 12 Lead ECG.
http://library.med.utah.edu/kw/ecg/tests/index.html
Test your knowledge with quizzes about ECG recordings.
http://medlineplus.gov/
Website known as Medline Plus, operated by the U.S. National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health, contains a medical encyclopedia, dictionary, health topics, and drug information.
http://medlineplus.gov/
MedlinePlus website with information on over 700 health topics and medications, a medical encyclopedia, and a medical dictionary. Hyperventilation and its clinical implications are discussed here.
http://nobelprize.org/educational_games/medicine/ecg/inde…
The “Electrocardiogram Game” at the Nobel Prize website. Pick one of four virtual patients, place the electrodes, and record an ECG. Learn to interpret the ECG and make a diagnosis.
http://sitemaker.umich.edu/ecgtutorial/abnormal_rhythm
University of Michigan site for looking at abnormal heart rhythms.
http://www-medlib.med.utah.edu/WebPath/TUTORIAL/MYOCARD/M…
Website from the University of Utah, that presents images of various cardiac diseases and conditions.
http://www.12leadecg.com/full/
A site dedicated to 12-lead ECG instruction for EMS personnel.
http://www.altmd.com/Articles/Biofeedback-Training-for-a-…
How biofeedback mechanisms help keep a heart healthy.
http://www.biosbcc.net/doohan/sample/htm/COandMAPhtm.htm
Website for course in human physiology offered at Santa Barbara City College. The site provides an excellent summary of the mechanisms that control cardiac output, stroke volume, and heart rate.
http://www.bioscience.org/atlases/heart/
A website with recordings that correlate normal and abnormal ECGs with heart sounds and contains a very extensive list of sound bites from abnormal heart sounds.
http://www.blaufuss.org/
A website with interactive tutorials, with sound and animation, that covers ECGs and heart sounds including the physiological splitting of the second heart sound (S2).
http://www.cardionetics.com/docs/healthcr/ecg/arrhy/0204_…
Website presented by Cardionetics with information about bundle branch blocks and their effect on the transmission of electrical currents through heart tissue.
http://www.cinc.org/Proceedings/2007/pdf/0261.pdf
Paper comparing heart sounds and ECG for diagnostic purposes.
http://www.cvphysiology.com/index.html
The website for Richard Klanbunde’s text “Cardiovascular Physiology Concepts” covering the topics of arrhythmias, cardiac valve disease, coronary artery disease, edema, heart failure, hypertension, and peripheral artery disease. The Valsalva maneuver is explained here.
http://www.ecglibrary.com/ecghome.html
A collection of electrocardiograms that are correlated to the coronary diseases they identify, including: blocks, ischemias, and arrhythmias.
http://www.ecglibrary.com/ecghome.html
A library of different ECG traces for interpretation activities.
http://www.ecglibrary.com/ecghome.html
Library of different ECG recordings and information about 12-lead ECGs.
http://www.ecglibrary.com/ecghome.html
Library of different ECG recordings and information about 12-lead ECGs.
http://www.echoincontext.com/basicEcho.asp
Website presented by the Duke University School of Medicine that is an introduction to heart muscle disease and diagnosis. Sections on hypertrophy, myopathy, tumors, and infarctions are presented.
http://www.familypractice.com/heartlab/heartlab.htm
This website has a cardiac auscultation simulator with recordings of S1 and S2 heart sounds from each of the four commonly used auscultation areas. The splitting of S2 into A2 (aortic) and P2 (pulmonic) sounds and S3 and S4 sounds are presented.
http://www.fed.cuhk.edu.hk/~johnson/teaching/transport/an…
Detailed animation of the mechanical and electrical events taking place in the cardiac cycle from the Chinese University of Hong Kong. The animation includes tutorials on various segments of the cycle.
http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/class/bio202/cyberheart/ekgqz…
Interactive quiz game for learning about heart sounds and the ECG.
http://www.healthatoz.com/healthatoz/Atoz/default.jsp.
HealthAtoZ” comprehensive family heath website that contains information on diseases and conditions and their management, medical tests, drugs, nutrition, and fitness. The Valsalva maneuver and its clinical application are discussed here.
http://www.inderscience.com/search/index.php?action=recor…
A biomathematical model of cardiac fitness, and the heart rate response to stress testing and its relationship to VO2.
http://www.jdaross.cwc.net/normal_heart_sounds.htm
Information on normal heart functioning.
http://www.medmovie.com/p_in_interactives.htm
A library of interactive animations and movies covering topics in all areas of anatomy and physiology from medmovie.com.
http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/au/sec03/ch027/ch027a.html
Merck Manual explanation of different cardiac arrhythmias.
http://www.mikecowley.co.uk/leads.htm
A guide to lead placement and explanation.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2219/
U.S. National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health book chapter on cardiac arrhythmias.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez? db=pubmed&uid=1…
An article that discusses the effects of high intensity resistance or endurance training on resting metabolic rate.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=pubmed&uid=15…
An article that discusses the effects of aerobic fitness on resting metabolic rate.
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003868.htm
Links and explanations to all sorts of cardiac rhythms.
http://www.skillstat.com/tools/ecg-simulator
“The Six Second ECG: Cardiac Rhythm Simulator” from SkillStat Learning that plays a collection of 25 different of cardiac rhythms in learning or game mode. The site includes tutorials for each recording that help the student learn the characteristics of each rhythm.
https://www.aclsmedicaltraining.com/ecg-simulator/
Interactive learning simulator game is a perfect resource for any medical professional who is looking to improve their EKG interpretation skills.
http://www.wilkes.med.ucla.edu/intro.html
A website known as The Auscultation Assistant contains sound bites and explanations of various heart sounds and murmurs; developed by a medical student to assist other medical students.
Second HRV Congress Materials
Link to the topics and articles of the virtual 2nd HRV Congress. Articles discuss HRV in physiological stress, pharmacological tests, pregnancy, the elderly, cardiac and non-cardiac pathology, sports medicine, circadian rhythms, sleep, and more.
The ECG Learning Center
This site offers indepth discussion of the electrocardiogram (ECG), its measurement, genesis and abnormalities.
The second HRV Congress – Education
Link to the educational resources of the “HRV Congress” and articles on the physiological basis of heart rate variability and methods for analyzing HRV. Links to other groups studying HRV and the function of the autonomic nervous system in HRV are listed.
Human Diving Reflex
Free Diving and Shallow Water Blackout
Article reviews the physics and the physiology of shallow water blackout (latent hypoxia), the conditions that cause it, the physiological changes that take place during it, and ways to prevent it. A good introduction to what is taking place physiologically during a shallow water dive.
http://divingindepth.com/mammalian-diving-reflex/
Diving site with information about the reflex.
http://dujs.dartmouth.edu/winter-2012/the-mammalian-divin…
Journal article through Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=breath-h…
Scientific American article on the Diving Reflex
Survival in Cold Water: Hypothermia Protection
An article that points out the risk factors, symptoms, treatments, and prevention methods for hypothermia. A conclusion is that the diving reflex improves survival, but only under certain conditions.
The Triggering of the Human Diving Response
This article concludes that the diving reflex can occur in a warm environment as long as there is a difference between the ambient air and water temperatures; cold stimulation is more effective on the upper part of the face; and while breathing, cold stimulation of extremities dominates over stimulation of the upper face and produces tachycardia, the opposite occurs in apnea.
Unraveling the Mammalian Diving Reflex (MDR) (Parts I & II)
An article from an online resource for divers that gives a good introduction to the physiological responses that are a part of the mammalian diving reflex and their importance in freediving.
Kidney
Kidney Physiology
From Cardif in the UK, a web-based guide to the kidney and its function as relates to first year Medical and Dental students.https://www.kidney.org/kidneydisease/howkidneyswrk
National Kidney Foundationhttps://labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/urinalysis/tab/test/
Understanding Urinalysishttps://www.course-notes.org/Biology/Outlines/Chapter_44_Osmoregulation_and_Excretion
course notes for Osmoregulation
Miscellaneous
BIODIDAC
From The University of Ottawa, this site contains a wealth of images, and other materials that can be copied and even modified provided that the BIODIDAC site is referenced.
http://jchemed.chem.wisc.edu/JCESoft/CCA/CCA5/MAIN/HOME.H…
Chemistry Comes Alive website.
http://science.nhmccd.edu/biol/ap1int.htm
Links to numerous websites with interactive activities related to anatomy and physiology; compiled by the faculty and students at North Harris College in Texas USA.
http://www.bgfl.org/bgfl/custom/resources_ftp/client_ftp/…
Virtual experiments in acid and base chemistry illustrating the pH levels of various household items using different tests and indicators.
http://www.bioeng.auckland.ac.nz/physiome/physiome_projec…
Click the links at the bottom of the page to open directories to other sites with colorful graphics of systems, organs, tissues, and cells. Compiled at The IUPS Physiome Project in The Bioengineering Institute at the University of Auckland.
http://www.chembio.uoguelph.ca/educmat/chm19104/chemtoons…
Link to a series of animations from the University of Guelph that explain the equilibria of aqueous solutions.
http://www.eutechinst.com/techtips/tech-tips25.htm
Information about electrical conductivity.
http://www.johnkyrk.com/pH.html
Animated pH Scale from the work of John Kryk.
http://www.mhhe.com/physsci/chemistry/essentialchemistry/…
Animation accompanying the second edition of Essential Chemistry that easily explains how buffers neutralize hydrogen and hydroxyl ions.
http://www.wiley.com/legacy/college/boyer/0470003790/anim…
This website, Interactive Concepts in Biochemistry from Jon Wiley and Sons, Inc., provides interactive animations and innovative tutorials for learning difficult biochemical processes.
http://www.wisc-online.com/objects/index_tj.asp?objid=NUR…
Presentation from Wisconsin Online courses in nursing that illustrate the purpose of acid /base balance in the body, and the causes and effects of acid/base imbalances.
http://www.wisc-online.com/objects/index_tj.asp?objid=NUR…
Another presentation from Wisconsin Online courses in nursing that illustrate the purpose of acid /base balance in the body, and the causes and effects of acid/base imbalances.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UHYWIM8AbPE
YouTube video demonstration of conductivity.
Interactive Frog Dissection
This site offers several full color movies of frog dissection with voice over.
Plant Biology
A very nice site that uses photo micrographs of a plant cell to allow students to explore sub-cellular organelles and plant cell structure.
Web HUMAN Physiology Simulation
HUMAN is a FORTRAN program that models the integrated physiology of the human organism in both health and disease. This version was written by Tom Coleman at The University of Mississippi Medical Center and has since been maintained and updated at Skidmore College. The model covers the major organ systems, including cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, endocrine, nervous and alimentary. With each iteration of the program, approximately 137 user accessible physiological variables are computed and updated. In running a simulation, the user may manipulate one or more parameters from a list of 67 alterable physiological, environmental and clinical factors.
Muscles
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z7wSx6LovG0http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/03/12/robert-downey-jr-iron-man-arm_n_6860990.html – Robert Downey Jr gives boy a bionic Iron Man Arm
http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/41324/title/Neuroprosthetics/ – Neuroprosthetics
http://psychotherapy.com/bio.html – What is Biofeedback?
http://www.aapb.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=3315 – The Association of Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback.
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/freeabs_all.jsp?arnumber=4142107 – Read about an arm wrestling robot and how scientists are using it to study neuromuscular control.
http://www.jelectromyographykinesiology.com/article/S1050-6411(08)00149-1/abstract
http://w4.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/article/viewFile/4824/4464 – Two papers on the different muscles used and how their EMG activity occurs when the contestants are winning or losing at arm wrestling.
http://www.toptipspot.com/tips/sports/howto/arm-wrestling.php – Tricks and tips to become a better arm wrestler.
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/freeabs_all.jsp?arnumber=4142107 – Read about an arm wrestling robot and how scientists are using it to study neuromuscular control.
http://www.jelectromyographykinesiology.com/article/S1050-6411(08)00149-1/abstracthttp://w4.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/article/viewFile/4824/4464 – Two papers on the different muscles used and how their EMG activity occurs when the contestants are winning or losing at arm wrestling.
http://www.toptipspot.com/tips/sports/howto/arm-wrestling.php – Tricks and tips to become a better arm wrestler.
http://advan.physiology.org/cgi/reprint/260/6/S22.pdf
A paper published in 1991 in Advances in Physiology Education that discusses the many advantages of using invertebrates in undergraduate physiology labs. It contains many examples that illustrate the benefits to both students and educators. Despite being close to twenty years old, the message is timely and should be required reading for college instructors considering the use of invertebrates in the physiology lab.
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/freeabs_all.jsp?arnumber=4…
Read about an arm wrestling robot and how scientists are using it to study neuromuscular control.
http://muscle.ucsd.edu/musintro/jump.shtml
Website of the National Skeletal Muscle Research Center at the University of California, San Diego that covers muscle structure, metabolism, fiber types, and a lot more.
http://science.howstuffworks.com/muscle.htm
Website at How Stuff Works that with the information on the metabolism and physiology of muscles
http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/M/…
Lecture notes on comparison of the 3 muscle types. Well organized and good information.
http://w4.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/article/viewFile/4824/4464
Second of two papers on the different muscles used and how their EMG activity occurs when the contestants are winning or losing at arm wrestling.
http://webs.lander.edu/rsfox/invertebrates/mytilus.html
A guide to the dissection of Mytilus for those interested in a more thorough exploration of the anatomy of bivalves. The guide takes a functional approach to anatomy and includes clearly drawn and labeled line illustrations. The guide also reviews the taxonomy of this group of molluscs and describes where the mussel fits into the family of bivalves.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/body/factfiles/joi…
Animations and information about the different types of joints in the body. One of many pages from the BBC that provides concise information and animations about the human body and mind.
http://www.biolbull.org/cgi/reprint/80/3/299.pdf
Paper about the effects of physostigmine on the earthworm body wall.
http://www.exrx.net/Lists/Articulations.html
A comprehensive list of muscle movements in the human body. Each articulation has links to the list of muscles involved in each function, digital movies of the exercises that involve the listed muscles, and anatomical drawings of the muscles involved and their location in the body.
http://www.frontiernet.net/~imaging/gait_model.html
A three-dimensional interactive model of human gait based on motion capture video. The model includes displays of joint rotations during each phase of the subject’s movement.
http://www.jelectromyographykinesiology.com/article/S1050…
First paper on the different muscles used and how their EMG activity occurs when the contestants are winning or losing at arm wrestling.
http://www.kdwp.state.ks.us/news/Fishing/Aquatic-Nuisance…
A short account from the Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks about the natural history of the zebra mussel, a fresh water mussel that has rapidly spread through the Great Lakes and the smaller lakes of the Midwest. A very destructive invasive species, this mussel has had detrimental effects on a surprising number of native aquatic species because of its very efficient filter feeding and uncontrolled reproduction.
http://www.med.umich.edu/lrc/Hypermuscle/
Website at the University of Michigan that contains concise definitions and QuickTime movies of various types of muscle movements.
http://www.med.umich.edu/lrc/Hypermuscle/#feet
Website at the University of Michigan that contains concise definitions and QuickTime movies of specialized foot movements like dorsiflexion and plantar flexion.
http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p=435
National Biology Teachers’ original article by Drs. Krajniak and Klohr.
http://www.springerlink.com/content/l4456066357600w3/
Electrodermal response – correlation between potential and conductance.
http://www.toptipspot.com/tips/sports/howto/arm-wrestling…
Tricks and tips to become a better arm wrestler.
http://www.vivo.colostate.edu/hbooks/pathphys/digestion/b…
Website at Colorado State University that covers the control of the musculature involved in digestive function, including information on the enteric endocrine and nervous system, electrophysiology, and transit.
Neuroscience
http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/carpal_tunnel/detail_carpal_tunnel.htm – Carpal Tunnel Fact Sheet.
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00005 – Images and videos of CTS.
Digital Anatomist
From The University of Washington, this site allows you to preview an online neuroanatomy atlas. Lots of MRIs photomicrographs and 3D images. The material contained on this site is part of a larger collection of anatomy tools available on CD from The University of Washington.
http://cercor.oupjournals.org/cgi/content/full/10/6/552
This article presents the results of a functional MRI study conducted as the subject performed a Stroop interference task with color and word stimuli. The study was conducted to identify the neural circuits involved in cognitive interference.
http://jeb.biologists.org/cgi/reprint/91/1/1
The first article in a series by Zill and Moran in the Journal of Experimental Biology on the responses of campaniform sensilla to external and muscle-generated forces. Other articles in the series include the studies of campaniform sensilla activity during reflexes and walking.
http://muscle.ucsd.edu/musintro/jump.shtml
Web site of the National Skeletal Muscle Research Center at the University of California, San Diego that covers muscle structure, metabolism, fiber types, and a lot more.
http://nerve.bsd.uchicago.edu/FB/ConductionVelocity.pdf
Seasonal changes in the Giant Squid axon APs.
http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/M/…
Website with accurate information about mechanoreceptors. It contains to many links to other sites with information about facets of these sensors.
http://www.adelaide.edu.au/ANZCCART/publications/A13_Frog…
A concise fact sheet on the use, care, and handling of frogs and toads as experimental animals. The document includes an extensive bibliography of articles on these topics.
http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/matthews/animate.html
List of ten animations of events that occur in nervous tissue from the text: Neurobiology – Molecules, Cells, and Synapses by Gary G. Matthews.
http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/matthews/nmj.html
Animation of the events at the neuromuscular junction from the text: Neurobiology – Molecules, Cells, and Synapses by Gary G. Matthews.
http://www.crawdad.cornell.edu/
The Crawdad Project was a three-year program funded by the National Science Foundation to promote the use of invertebrates in undergraduate physiology and neuroscience courses. The program culminated with the development of a CD-ROM laboratory manual that covers motor innervation, neuroanatomy, sensory systems, ionic bases of resting and action potentials, synaptic transmission, synaptic plasticity, and central rhythms.
http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2405/is_3_127/…
This article discusses the relationship between cognition and emotion, and how Stroop interference can be greater in tests containing anxiety-related stimuli.
http://www.fpnotebook.com/NEU223.htm
This web page at Family Practice Notebook.com outlines the indications and interpretations of nerve conduction studies for a variety of diseases and conditions.
http://www.funjournal.org/images/stories/downloads/2010_V…
Journal article stating the ease and efficacy of doing the Earthworm AP experiments.
http://www.healthcentral.com/mhc/top/003927.cfm
This web page from HealthCentral explains the significance of the nerve conduction velocity (NCV) test, and provides links to information about diseases that affect NCV.
http://www.mdausa.org/disease/
This web page at the MDA provides information about the neuromuscular diseases included in MDA programs. This list includes: muscular dystrophies; motorneuron problems; inflammatory myopathies; diseases of the neuromuscular junction; metabolic diseases; and more.
http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec06/ch095/ch095c.html
Web page on neuromuscular junction disorders from The Merck Manuals On-Line Medical Library. Links on this site also lead to all five on-line versions of the Merck medically related manuals.
http://www.neuron.yale.edu/neuron/
NEURON is a simulation environment for modeling individual neurons and networks of neurons. It provides tools for conveniently building and using models of neurons and networks that are numerically sound and computationally efficient. It is particularly well suited to problems that are closely linked to experimental data.
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sciatica.html
An inflamed sciatic nerve is a very common cause of pain in humans. A number of links covering all aspects of human sciatic nerve anatomy and pathology can be found at this site.
http://www.onlinepsychologydegree.net/2012/11/20/why-psyc…
Why Psych majors need neuroscience – a free online course on the combined study of psychology and neuroscience offered by MIT.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/everest/exposure/stroopintro…
This site at NOVA Online provides insight into the Stroop test that mountain climbers undergo at high altitudes to insure that they are healthy enough to continue with their climb. A Stroop test is available for online testing.
http://www.pharm.emory.edu
Advanced experiments on neural magnetic fields using Earthworm APs.
http://www.teleemg.com/
The EMG Manual provides a simple approach for a better understanding of EMG and nerve conduction studies. Some of the relevant topics covered in the manual include: nerve conduction setups for various motor and sensory paths; pathological processes; and, disease characteristics.
http://www.unmc.edu/physiology/Mann/mann12.html
A short chapter on the properties of vertebrate compound action potentials. This chapter goes into some detail on the various types of fibers found in vertebrate peripheral nerves.
http://www.wellesley.edu/Biology/Concepts/Html/frogsciati…
A short, clear video of the sciatic nerve dissection is available at Wellesley’s website.
Neuroscience for Kids
This site also from The University of Washington is targeted at kids. Nevertheless, it contains some good graphics and lots of online resources.
Virtual Hospital: The Human Brain
This page is a great resource for brain anatomy. It has many photos, diagrams and of course more links.
Oximetry
http://cirrie.buffalo.edu/encyclopedia/article.php?id=150…
Good info on cardiopulmonary testing from Turkey.
http://jap.physiology.org/cgi/content/abstract/73/6/2588
Web page at the Journal of Applied Physiology for article: ”Relationship between Arterial Oxygen Desaturation and Ventilation during Maximal Exercise”.
http://science.howstuffworks.com/lung.htm
Website at How Stuff Works – information on the anatomy and physiology of the lungs.
http://www.acsm.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=General_Public
Web page at the American College of Sports Medicine with links to public information on health, nutrition, exercises, including the proper use of exercise equipment.
http://www.as.ua.edu/ant/bindon/ant475/heatcold/thermo.htm
A review of factors involved in thermoregulation from a course in human adaptability at the University of Alabama.
http://www.emedicine.com/med/topic2972.htm
Explanation of the variety of pulmonary function tests commonly performed and health conditions that they can identify.
http://www.lakesidepress.com/pulmonary/ABG/PO2.htm
A section from a textbook that explains the parameters of oxygen pressure, saturation, and content.
http://www.madsci.com/manu/indexgas.htm
Comprehensive information on blood gases, the physiology of gas exchange, lung functions, and acid-base balance
http://www.madsci.com/manu/indexgas.htm
Comprehensive information on blood gases, the physiology of gas exchange, lung functions, and acid-base balance.
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003645.htm
National Library of Medicine website that provides comprehensive information about hemoglobin.
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003645.htm
Page at Medline Plus on the National Library of Medicine website that provides comprehensive information about hemoglobin.
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003855.htm
Background information and normal values for a typical blood gas analysis. Other pages at this website are readily available by going here.
http://www.nutristrategy.com/index.htm
Information on metabolic rates for varieties of exercise, nutrition, and fitness.
http://www.oximeter.org/pulseox/principles.htm
Information on the principles, history, clinical applications, limitations, and references for oximetry and co-oximetry.
http://www.oximeter.org/pulseox/principles.htm
Information on the principles, history, clinical applications, limitations, and references for oximetry and co-oximetry.
http://www.oximetry.org/pulseox/principles.htm
A tutorial from the Oximetry.org that explains the technology behind pulse oximetry.
http://www.pulseox.info/
Great clinical information on Pulse Oximetry and how it works.
Photosynthesis
http://bioenergy.asu.edu/photosyn/education/learn.html
Links to other sources about photosynthesis.
http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0073031216/student_…
Link to a chapter on photosynthesis at the McGraw-Hill Online Learning Center. Information is provided through animations, excellent illustrations, and narratives that are easily understood. Students can also test their knowledge with interactive quizzes.
http://photoscience.la.asu.edu/photosyn/education/learn.h…
A very comprehensive site at the Center for the Study of Early Events in Photosynthesis at Arizona State University that provides excellent links to many additional websites which discuss topics related to photosynthesis.
http://www.ahpcc.unm.edu/~aroberts/main/photosyn.htm
Another website which provides links dedicated to four areas of interest: Photosystems 1 and II, the b6f complex, and ATP synthase.
http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/BioBook…
A website with a detailed explanation of photosynthesis in an easy to understand format.
http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/BioBook…
Excellent resource with notes about the process of photosynthesis.
http://www.johnkyrk.com/photosynthesis.html
Detailed animations of the light and dark reactions of photosynthsis that cover the changes in the structures of the substrates and products.
http://www.johnkyrk.com/photosynthesis.html
Interactive video showing the process of photosynthesis at the cellular level.
http://www.life.illinois.edu/govindjee/paper/gov.html
Detailed paper with much information on history and processes of photosynthesis.
http://www.life.uiuc.edu/govindjee/paper/gov.html#20
A link to a valuable and comprehensive article called “The Photosynthetic Process” that covers everything from the classification of photosynthetic organisms to global warming and green house gases.
http://www.msu.edu/~smithe44/calvin_cycle_process.htm
A website from Michigan State University that clearly diagrams the reactions of the Calvin Cycle.
http://www.rpi.edu/dept/bcbp/molbiochem/MBWeb/mb2/part1/d…
A website from course in Biochemistry at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute that provides detailed information about the reactions of the Calvin Cycle.
http://www.science.smith.edu/departments/Biology/Bio231/c…
A website that contains a nice animation of the three phases of the Calvin Cycle
Reflexes
http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/rev/97/3/377/
Emotion, Attention and the Startle Reflex Attitude
 http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0026782
Objective Measures of Emotion Related to Brand
http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/1994-28733-001
Emotion, Novelty and the Startle Reflex
http://www.dukescience.org/content/studies/prepulse
Virtual Reality and Prepulse Inhibition
http://www.psychogenics.com/prepulseinhibition.html
Prepulse Inhibition Tests for Psychological Disorders
http://www.journalofpsychiatricresearch.com/article/S0022-3956%2812%2900360-3/abstract?cc=y=
Prepulse Inhibition in Psychiatric Disorders, besides schizophrenia
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/galvanic-skin-response.html
Information about GSR and how it is used.
http://www.howstuffworks.com/lie-detector.htm
How a polygraph test works.
http://www.jneurosci.org/content/24/47/10702.full
Control of Attention Shifts between Vision and Audition in Human Cortex
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3842374
Comparative study of visual and auditory reaction time of hands and feet in males and females.
http://www.physpharm.fmd.uwo.ca/undergrad/medsweb/L7Spind…
A nicely animated website at the University of Western Ontario that easily explains muscle receptors, spindle reflexes, and muscles.
http://www.polygraphplace.com/docs/information.shtml
Information on the polygraph testing procedure.
http://www.scirp.org/Journal/PaperInformation.aspx?paperI…
Study done in Australia about female and male athlete response time.
http://www.sumanasinc.com/webcontent/anisamples/nonmajors…
Animation illustrating a simple reflex arc from the text Discover Biology by Cain et al; W.W. Norton and Co.
http://www.wisc-online.com/objects/index_tj.asp?objID=AP1…
Website from Wisconsin On-Line that illustrates and animates a two neuron knee-jerk reflex; it also includes on-line quizzes on the topic.
Respiratory
http://www.spirxpert.com/indices15.htm – Anything and everything you want to know about lung functions, volumes, aging, diseases, and exercise.
http://www.medicinenet.com/chronic_obstructive_pulmonary_disease_copd/article.htm – Article about COPD.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wbcjFpyxkpc – YouTube video comparing restrictive and obstructive diseases.

http://www.buzzle.com/articles/restrictive-lung-disease.html – Article on restrictive lung diseases and more.
http://www.sport-fitness-advisor.com/exercise-physiology…
Website includes graphs, VCO2/VO2 calculations and values, how-tos, and links to exercise physiology articles and websites.
All About Respiratory Physiology
Lectures in Respiratory Physiology, by John B West MD, PhD (YouTube videos)
Bronchoscopy
From the Virtual Hospital site, teaching files for respiratory anatomy and physiology.
http://ajpendo.physiology.org/cgi/content/full/279/6/E1325
Determinants of the variability in respiratory exchange ratio at rest and during exercise in trained athletes.
http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/90/5/2324
This article shows that the kinetics of oxygen uptake, as measured by breath by breath techniques, are determined at the onset of exercise rather than at the peak of exercise.
http://davidglover.net/
Website devoted to exercise regimens, training, triathlons, VO2Max testing, blogs, etc.
http://jan.ucc.nau.edu/pe/exs514web/Exmetab.htm
Notes on Exercise Metabolism, easy to understand information and vocabulary terminology.
http://jap.physiology.org/cgi/content/abstract/76/1/133
Journal of Applied Physiology links exercise and strength training to increased RMR
http://jap.physiology.org/cgi/content/abstract/95/5/1901
This article shows that the peak VO2, as measured by breath by breath techniques, could be a valid index of maximum VO2.
http://jeb.biologists.org/cgi/reprint/197/1/309.pdf
Article on Heterothermic metabolism and RER.
http://jeb.biologists.org/cgi/reprint/203/16/2437.pdf
RER and metabolic rates in a Lizard.
http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/reprint/130/12/2990.pdf
Nutrient Metabolism and how it relates to RER.
http://science.howstuffworks.com/lung.htm
Website at “How Stuff Works” with information on the anatomy and physiology of the lungs.
http://www.ajcn.org/cgi/content/abstract/82/5/941
Article on the factors that cause variation in basal metabolic rate: fat-free mass, fat mass, age, and circulating thyroxine.
http://www.biolbull.org/cgi/reprint/99/3/416.pdf
Links to an article about oxygen consumption, brain metabolism and respiration of goldfish during temperature changes with reference to lowered temperatures.
http://www.bmi-calculator.net/bmr-calculator/
Simple BMR calculator that helps determine daily caloric needs using the Harris Benedict Equation.
http://www.bmi-calculator.net/bmr-calculator/
Body Mass Index Calculator
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/restrictive-lung-disease.h…
Article on restrictive lung diseases and more.
http://www.cellphys.ubc.ca/undergrad_files/Ventilation.pdf
http://www.chestjournal.org/cgi/content/abstract/102/1/147
This article presents a comparison of VO2 and VCO2 determinations in children by breath by breath and by Douglas bag techniques citing that there is no significant difference between the two methods.
http://www.chestjournal.org/cgi/content/full/125/2/683
An article from the journal of the American College of Chest Physicians that provides a synopsis of the mechanisms, conditions, and clinical significance of respiratory sinus arrhythmia.
http://www.holycross.edu/departments/biology/kprestwi/phy…
General background and overview of metabolism and temperature regulation.
http://www.medicinenet.com/chronic_obstructive_pulmonary_…
Article about COPD.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15588775
A PubMed article relating to diet, growth and metabolism in goldfish.
http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJM198607103150205
New England Journal of Medicine article about familial dependence of the Resting Metabolic Rate
http://www.spirxpert.com/indices15.htm
Anything and everything you want to know about lung functions, volumes, aging, diseases, and exercise.
http://www.spirxpert.com/welcome.htm
Website that provides a comprehensive introduction to spirometry and its importance in medical assessment.
http://www.tiem.utk.edu/~gross/bioed/webmodules/respirato…
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wbcjFpyxkpc
YouTube video comparing restrictive and obstructive diseases.
www.nhlbi.nih.gov/
Gateway to educational materials designed for patients and health professionals regarding the health of the heart, the lungs, and blood for patients and health professionals.
www.pinniped.net/Snodgrassajpa2008.pdf
Article that explains the influence of basal metabolic rate on heart rate.
Sensory
http://www.colour-affects.co.uk/psychological-properties-of-colours
Psychological Properties of color
https://digitalsynopsis.com/design/color-meanings-theory-psychology/
How humans react to color

http://rochester.edu/news/show.php?id=3856
Information about the color red

http://face-and-emotion.com/dataface/faq/overview.html – Site dedicated to information about fEMGs.

http://www.facialemg.com/ – Site with more information on fEMGs.
http://www.gallup-robinson.com/reprints/hazlettemotionalresponse.pdf – Article on the emotional response to television commercials.

http://www.exrx.net/Lists/Directory.html or http://www.freetrainers.com/exercise/muscles/ – List of all muscles and exercises that target specific groups.

http://www.fitday.com/ – Using targeted muscle training to gain strength and resilience in muscles.

http://jap.physiology.org/content/101/6/1783.abstract – Training-induced adaptive plasticity in human somatosensory reflex pathways

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10818342 – Upper limb H reflexes and somatosensory evoked potentials modulated by movement.

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GYIIw0vGDk4
A VEP test.
http://webvision.med.utah.edu/book/electrophysi…
Webvision – The Organization of the Retina and Visual System – detailed information about VEPs.
http://face-and-emotion.com/dataface/faq/overview.html
Site dedicated to information about fEMGs.
http://www.bayareapainmedical.com/Animations.html
A great set of animations from a medical group that explains the activities taking place in different parts of the nervous system when pain is sensed. Other animations at this site illustrate some medical conditions in the skeletal system that causes pain.
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/galvanic-skin-response.html
Information about GSR and how it is used.
http://www.facialemg.com/
Site with more information on fEMGs.
http://www.gallup-robinson.com/reprints/hazlettemotionalr…
Article on the emotional response to television commercials.
http://www.hhmi.org/senses/
A report on sight, hearing and smell from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute that contains easy to read articles on these senses.
http://www.howstuffworks.com/lie-detector.htm
How a polygraph test works.
http://www.polygraphplace.com/docs/information.shtml
Information on the polygraph testing procedure.
http://www.springerlink.com/content/l4456066357600w3/
Electrodermal response – correlation between potential and conductance.
Vascular
Aortic Pulse Wave Velocity
“Aortic Pulse Wave Velocity, An Independent Marker of Cardiovascular Risk” in the ARCHIVES DES MALADIES DU COEUR ET DES VAISSEAUX,tome 95,n 12, Decembre 2002
Circulation
Link to the article “Improved Arterial Compliance by a Novel Advanced Glycation End-Product Crosslink Breaker” which discusses the effects of drug that breaks the crosslinks between collagen fibers in aging arteries, thus restoring vascular compliance.
Evaluation of Elasticity and Pulse Wave Velocity
Links to chapters in the text: “Self-mixing interferometry and its applications in noninvasive pulse detection,” from the Department of Electrical and Information Engineering, Oulu University, Finland. Topics include pulse wave velocity as a measure of vascular elasticity and its relationship to autonomic regulation of heart rate.
http://hyper.ahajournals.org/cgi/reprint/36/6/952
Article from the Hypertension that defined the relationship between the digital (finger) volume pulse and the peripheral (arm) pressure pulse making it easier to determine arterial stiffness and reflection indices.
http://www.atcormedical.com/wave_reflection.html
Set of the most definitive animations demonstrating the effects of vasodilation, vasoconstriction, and arterial stiffness on the shape of the incident and reflected pulse wave
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/restrictive-lung-disease.h…
Article on restrictive lung diseases and more.
http://www.clinsci.org/cs/103/0379/1030379.pdf
Article from Clinical Science that explains the correlation between the index of arterial stiffness from the digital volume pulse and the standard measure of arterial stiffness, the carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity.
http://www.heartinfo.org/ms/nav/animation/main.html
Set of animations and illustrations from HeartInfo.org covering atherosclerosis, stroke, heart attack, sleep apnea, stents, bypass surgery and more.
http://www.wisc-online.com/objects/index_tj.asp?objid=NUR…
Presentations form Wisconsin Online courses in nursing that illustrate the purpose of acid /base balance in the body, and the causes and effects of acid/base imbalances.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xEd1h_lz4rA
Flashing checkerboard used in VEP tests.
Information Content of Arterial Blood Pressure Waveforms
Link to article posted at UC Davis on the information that can be obtained from an examination of the arterial blood pressure waveforms.
Pulse Velocity and Autonomic Regulation
Links to chapters in the text: “Self-mixing interferometry and its applications in noninvasive pulse detection,” from the Department of Electrical and Information Engineering, Oulu University, Finland. Topics include pulse wave velocity as a measure of vascular elasticity and its relationship to autonomic regulation of heart rate.
test